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Background Papers for State of Governance Report 2006
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RED Working Paper

Total Working Papers 40

 

RED brings out occasional working paper series
based on certain research projects. To view these documents you will
need adobe reader. To download this, please click here.

Issue 40
Tenant Farmers Access to Credit and Extension Services: BRAC Tenant Farmer Development Project in Bangladesh
Mahabub Hossain Mohammad Abdul Malek Narayan Chandra Das
March - 2014
Using several large scale datasets/reports (such as, reports of Agricultural Censuses conducted by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, the longitudinal repeat household surveys of 62 villages maintained by the first author and the household census for about 60,000 households conducted for an impact assessment study financed by the 3ie of the Global Development Network), this paper provides extensive information on the changes in the tenancy market and shows the number of small and marginal farm household has been growing despite rapid rural urban migration and expansion of rural non-farm economy. The tenancy market has moderated the distribution of land holding in a regime of highly skewed land ownership. But the agrarian structure is getting increasingly dominated by marginal and small farms that are largely dependent on the tenancy market for land. These farmers, however, have limited access to credit and extension services. With this backdrop, the BRAC tenant farmer development program, known as Borga chashi Unnayan Prakalpa (BCUP), was thus designed to meet the demands of working capital for farming and the knowledge of improved technology and farming practices.
 
Issue 39
Changes in Knowledge and Attitudes of School Girls Towards Sexual Harassment and its Incidence: an Impact Assessment of the MEJNIN Programme
Md. Abdul Alim
August - 2013
Gender Justice and Diversity unit of BRAC had a project on sensitizing young people especially girls and community people about sexual harassment in selected areas in Dhaka city in 2011 so that they might act as an individual and collective change maker and protect, protest and resist such incidence. This study aimed to look into the changes in knowledge and attitudes of those school girls regarding sexual harassment and the changes in reporting rate about the issue as mentioned.
 
Issue 38
Environmental Sanitation at Rural Households in BRAC WASH-I Programme Areas
Nepal C Dey and Tahera Akter
May - 2013
A comprehensive intervention of safe water, sanitation and hygiene is required to ensure environmental sanitation, thus, to break the cycle of disease transmission. BRAC WASH-I programme has been working in 150 upazilas (sub-districts) since 2006 to improve health status of the rural poor. This study aimed to measure indicators of environmental sanitation by economic groups (e.g. ultra poor, poor and non-poor) from baseline to end line. Thirty thousand households from 50 upazilas were selected following a multi-stage sampling design. Data were collected from households through direct interview using pre-tested questionnaire. The matched households in both surveys were included in the analysis. Chi-square and T-tests compared the differences between indicator values. Results show that change in use of tubewell water from baseline to end line among the poor and non-poor increased by 14.7% and 9.6%, while the status remained nearly same among the ultra poor (by 0.6%). The change in building concrete platform was found highest among the ultra poor (by 124.9%) compared to the poor (by 53.6%), and non-poor (by 37.2%) respectively. Cleanliness of tubewell platform increased by 183.3% in the ultra poor which was better performing group than the poor, and non-poor. Sanitary latrine use increased in all the economic groups by 159.2% in the ultra-poor, 99.6% in the poor and 53.6% in the non-poor from baseline to end line respectively.
 
Issue 37
Oral Administration of Misoprostol Reduces Postpartum Haemorrhage in Urban Slums of Bangladesh
Morsheda Banu, Shamsun Nahar and Hashima-E-Nasreen
April - 2013
To avert deaths from postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), Manoshi initiated community
health workers (CHW) administered oral misoprostol (400µg) to women following
childbirth either at delivery centers or home in slums of Dhaka and under Gazipur City Corporation in 2009. To study whether the supervised use of misoprostol would
reduce primary PPH following childbirth including its feasibility and community acceptability. A non-randomized control trial was undertaken among 3,900 women in
urban slums of Dhaka and Gazipur City Corporation during January-August 2011.
Oral misoprostol was prophylactically given to the treatment group following childbirth, while the control group did not receive it.
 
Issue 36
The Life Cycle of a Gram Daridro Bimochon Committee
Mohammad Rafi, Mrinmoy Samadder, Ashrafuzzaman Khan
February - 2013
Besides other reasons, to meet the commitments towards Millennium Development Goals BRAC introduced the Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction/Targeting Ultra Poor programme. To facilitate the programme, thus bring positive changes in the life of ultra poor, a Gram Daridro Bimochon Committee, comprising the elite of the community, was formed.
 
Issue 35
Exploring the Causes and Process of Becoming Child Domestic Worker
Shuburna Chodhuary, Md. Akramul Islam, Jesmin Akter
January - 2013
The study aimed to explore the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of households with and without child domestic workers (CDW), and explore the causes and process of becoming CDWs in Bangladesh. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used to collect data. A purposive sampling technique was applied to select the sample locations. Data were collected from six districts of Bangladesh: Mymensingh, Kishoreganj, Jamalpur, Bhola, Kurigram, Chapai Nawabganj, and a slum of Dhaka city. A total of 1,564 (rural 1,454 and urban 110) parents of with and without CDWs were interviewed.
 
Issue 34
Social Network and Financial Literacyamong Rural Adolescent Girls: QualitativeAssessment of BRAC`s SoFEA Programme
Md. Kamruzzaman, Nusrat Zaitun Hossain, Anindita Bhattacharjee, Arifeen Akter, Wameq Raza, Mohammad Abdul Malek, Narayan C Das
November - 2012
BRAC`s innovative initiative Social and Financial Empowerment of Adolescents`(SoFEA) launched in 2009 works to empower adolescent girls both socially and financially through creating social network among its members. Apart from providing social interaction opportunities, the clubs also provide the members with social and legal awareness lessons, as well as trainings on life-skills, livelihoods and financial literacy.
 
Issue 32
How the Adolescents Applied their Learning in their Lives: An Evaluation of the Adolescent Development Programme of BRAC
Md. Abdul Alim, Mst. Ashrafun Nahar and Fathema Zhura Khatoon
September - 2012
This paper aims to measure the changes in the type and depth of knowledge andunderstanding on sexual and reproductive health and gender issues, and how they obtained that knowledge. Secondly, changes in the ways in which adolescents were practically applying this understanding, or intended to apply it in their own lives (or not) were determined; if not, then reasons for not doing so were determined. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed in this research.
 
Issue 33
Men`s Knowledge and Practices of Maternal,Neonatal and Child Health in RuralBangladesh: Do they differ from Women?
Shumona Sharmin Salam, Margaret J. Leppard, Md. Mahfuz Al Mamun and Hashima-E-Nasreen
September - 2012
Male partner involvement in maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) care has been around for a long time but nothing has been done since nobody has figured out how to do it on a large scale. We assessed men`s knowledge and their awareness of their wives` actual practices regarding MNCH care issues. The study was conducted in four improving maternal, neonatal and child survival` (IMNCS) intervention districts (Nilphamari, Rangpur, Gaibandha and Mymensingh) of BRAC and two control districts (Naogaon and Netrokona) during October 2008-January 2009.
 
Issue 31
Costs of Providing Maternal, Newborn and Child Healthcare: Estimates from BRAC`s IMNCS Programme in Rural Bangladesh
Mohammad Nasir Uddin Khan, Zahidul Quayyum, Tasmeen Quayyum, Hashima-E-Nasreen, Shah Noor Mahmud, Tim Ensor
July - 2012
Community level healthcare activities are important in low income countries like Bangladesh where the coverage of formal healthcare systems is low. Keeping pace with the national strategies and MDG targets, BRAC, has initiated a programme for improving maternal, neonatal, and child survival (IMNCS) in the rural areas of Bangladesh. The objective of the study is to provide information on economic costs of providing maternal, neonatal and child health services in this intervention.......
 
 
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