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Journal Articles

Total Reports 162

Climate Change in Bangladesh: A Historical Analysis of Temperature and Rainfall Data
Jayanta Kumar Basak, Rashed Al Mahmud Titumir, Nepal Chandra Dey
Vol - 02   Issue - 02 (2013)  April - 2013
Journal of Environment
The article provides an assessment of climate change and variability based on analysis of historical data of temperature and rainfall recorded at 34 meteorological stations located at seven regions in Bangladesh for the period of 1976-2008. The trend of variation of yearly average maximum temperature has been found to be increasing at a rate of 0.0186 oC per year, whereas the rate was 0.0152 oC per year for yearly average minimum temperature. Analysis of monthly average maximum temperature also showed increasing trend for all months except January and April. The increasing trend was particularly significant for May to September and February. Monthly average minimum temperature data also showed increasing trends for all months except January and November. Analysis of rainfall data showed that for a large majority of stations, the total rainfall showed increasing trend for monsoon and post-monsoon seasons, while decreasing trend was observed for the winter; pre-monsoon rainfall did not show any significant change. These observations are particularly significant in the context of Bangladesh where agriculture is heavily dependent on temperature and rainfall patterns.
Poverty and Nutritional Status in Bangladesh in the Asian Context and the Prospect for Introducing Bio fortified Rice
WMH Jaim
Vol - xxv   Issue - 2 (2002)  April - 2013
Bangladesh J. Agric.Econs
Bangladesh is facing twin problems of meeting hunger and malnutrition for its growing population. Although food grain production in Bangladesh in recent years has out paced population growth and thus largely solved the problem of hunger, about half of the people in the country are malnourished because of low income and poor food distribution. In this paper, economic condition as well as health and nutritional status of Bangladesh has been compared with some rice producing Asian countries.
Changes in Land Use Pattern in Bangladesh over the Last Two Decades
WMH Jaim, Rabeya Begum
Vol - xxvi   Issue - 1 & 2 (2003)  April - 2013
Bangladesh J.Agric.Econos
ased on secondary data of Bangladesh Bureau of statistics, an attempt has been made in this paper to evaluate the changes in land use pattern during the period of 1980/81 to 1999/2000. Absolute changes of land use for different purposes during this period as well as trend values and growth rates were estimated. The growth estimates showed that land not available for cultivation and culturable waste land significantly increased at the rates of 2.1% and 4.09% per annum respectively. As a result, net sown area significantly decreased at the rate of .61% per annum. On the other hand, significant increase in total cropped area at the rate of .28% per annum during the period however, compensated the loss of sown area. Further, it was found that land under forest area increased insignificantly during the last two decades. The rate of decrease of current fallow land over the period was also found to be insignificant.
Arsenic Contamination and Human Health: A Socioeconomic Study in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh
WMH Jaim, Mahabub Hossain
Vol - xxx   Issue - 2 (2007)  April - 2013
Bangladesh J Agric Econs
Arsenic contamination of groundwater is a case of mass poisoning in Bangladesh. In order to examine the nature and extent of the problem, household survey was conducted in both arsenic contaminated and non-contaminated areas. The selected arsenic hot spots were Faridpur and Lakshimpur while the arsenic free area was Gazipur. One village from each of the three locations was purposively selected and the number of households considered as samples was 250. The analysis showed that severity of arsenic related diseases was more acute in the poor village of Lakshimpur area (where about 50% of the household members wre suffering from arsenic related skin diseases) compared to Faridpur while in Gazipur there was no case of any patient suffering from arsenic related diseases. Further, the impact of arsenic problem was found to be extended from immediate health effect to extensive social and economic hardship especially for the poor.
Factors Influencing Stillbirth in Bangladesh: A Case Control Study
Shamsun Nahar, Atiya Rahman, Hashima E. Nasreen
Vol - 27   Issue - 2  March - 2013
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Background: Studies on a limited scale in urban settings of Bangladesh report stillbirth rates that do not specifically provide information on the situation of underprivileged slum populations. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of, and risk factors associated with, stillbirth in a developing population.

Methods: A case control study was conducted on women having a singleton birth between November 2008 and April 2009 in 34 slum areas in Dhaka. Data were collected on 231 women with stillbirth (cases) and 464 women having livebirth (controls). This study utilised the records of the Manoshi programme and supplemented it with data obtained through interview of the women.
Impact of maternal depressive symptoms and infant temperament on early infant growth and motor development: Results from a population based study in Bangladesh
Hashima-E Nasreen, Zarina Nahar Kabir, Yvonne Forsell, Maigun Edhborg
Vol - 146   Issue - 2  March - 2013
Journal of Affective Disorder
Impact of maternal depressive symptoms and infant temperament on early infant growth and motor development: Results from a population based study in Bangladesh


Background:

Evidence linking maternal depressive symptoms with infant’s growth and development in low-income countries is inadequate and conflicting. This study investigated the independent effect of maternal perinatal depressive symptoms on infant’s growth and motor development in rural Bangladesh.

Methods:

A cohort of 20 pregnant women was followed from the third trimester of pregnancy to 6–8 months postpartum.For growth and developmental outcomes,652 infants at 2–3 months and 6–8 months were assessed. Explanatory variables comprised maternal depressive symptoms, socioeconomic status, and infant’s health and temperament. Outcome measures included infant’s underweight, stunting and motor development. Multiple linear regression analyses identified predictors of infant growth and development.



Impact of postnatal maternal depressive symptoms and infants sex on mother-infant interaction among Bangladeshi women
Maigun Edhborg, Beatrice Hogg, Hashima-E-Nasreen, Zarina Nahar Kabir
Vol - 5   Issue - 2  March - 2013
Health
Aim: To investigate the impact of postnatal depressive symptoms and infant sex on perceived and observed mother-infant interaction among rural Bangladeshi women.

Methods: Fifty women with depressive symptoms and their infants at 2-3 months were compared with 50 women without depressed symptoms and their infants, matched on geographic areas, parity and infant sex. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale assessed depressive symptoms, the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire assessed the mother’s perception of bonding with the infant and mother-infant interactions were videotaped and analyzed with the Global Rating Scale.

Results: Mothers with depressive symptoms were poorer, were less educated and rated lower infant bond ing than mothers without depressive symptoms (p = 0.03), yet objective observation revealed no difference between the two groups regarding maternal interactive behavior (p = 0.57). How- ever, infants, particularly boys (p = 0.002), of mothers with depressive symptoms fretted more in mother-infant interaction than infants of mothers without depressive symptoms (p = 0.009).

Conclusion: Although mothers with depressive symptoms did not show less sensitivity in interactive behavior at 2-3 months than those without depressive symptoms, our results indicate that infants, particularly boys, of mothers with depressive symptoms may be negatively influenced by depressive symptoms.

Keywords: Postpartum Depressive Symptoms; Mother-Infant Interaction; Bonding; Bangladesh
An Early Assessment of BRAC Uganda Microfinance Programme: Estimate the Changes of Living Standard
Rifat Afroze
Vol - 05   Issue - 08  February - 2013
OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
BRAC’s Microfinance Programme of Uganda, introduced in 2006, aims to provide critical services in microfinance for poor community. This study is an early assessment of the programme, and examined the changes of partake group compared with non-partake group in terms of their living standard, earning, loan and savings and welfare indicators. For assessing the impact of microfinance programme in Africa region, baseline and repeat surveys took place in Uganda. The surveys were designed as a randomized experiment, and don’t represent all the clients of BRAC Uganda. Baseline surveys were conducted during January to March, 2008 in four new branch offices (viz. Arua, Mbale, Mbarara and Nebbi) in Uganda. In each of these branches, 20 villages were identified by the credit officers as potential sites for microfinance. Among the 20 villages, 10 were randomly assigned for initiating microcredit and the rest as control.
Criticism of peer review and ways to improve it
Hasan Shareef Ahmed and Armen Yuri Gasparyan
Vol - 39   Issue - 1  February - 2013
European Science Editing
This paper reviews some critical aspects of peer review in developed and developing countries. Though the peer review process is criticised for some of its drawbacks, it
is still widely accepted as a tool for preserving the integrity and quality of scholarly communication. Peer review varies widely across journals and countries.
Perspectives of students and parents about mainstreaming education for children with special needs in Bangladesh
Utpal Mallicka and Kazi Sameeo Sheesh
Vol - 1   Issue - 1  February - 2013
Asian Journal of Inclusive Education
This paper deals with the issue of mainstreaming children with special needs (CSN) into regular classrooms and discusses the problems from the viewpoint of the students and their parents’ experiences. Following a qualitative method, this paper investigates the phenomenon of mainstream education for CSN. The context of this study was two regular primary schools in Dhaka, Bangladesh and participants were selected purposively from these schools. Semi-structured and
open-ended questions were used for the interviews. The results of the study showed that there is a lack of awareness among mainstream teachers, general students and their parents about CSN.
 
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