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Issue 43 Poverty, Protection and Exclusion in Rural Bangladesh


Social protection is one of the key strategies of fighting against long-lasting and
intergenerational poverty in Bangladesh. The concept has significantly evolved both in
scale and scope in recent times. Targeted pro-poor interventions in public services
and safety net programmes have been scaled up. However, access to institutions is
an issue of grave concern especially for poor people. Although, recent years have
witnessed almost 100 per cent school enrolment, drop out rate is still high especially
among the ultra poor children. Advocacy is BRAC’s latest tool to address the critical
issues of accessibility and utilisation of resources by the ultra poor. Looking at social
protection interventions through the conceptual lens of ‘social exclusion’, this study
seeks to understand how and why the poorest face constraints in gaining access to
public services and entitlements, and why the ultra poor children discontinue regular
schooling and drop out from primary education. Built on a mixed method approach,
the study identifies a number of important mechanisms through which the poorest
are excluded from their entitlements. There are a number of mediating processes
through which they are included, but allegedly often in the elites’ terms and
conditions. Besides, the study highlights a number of critical factors that force
children to discontinue schooling.

Related information

  • Writer Name: Jinnat Ara Abu Ahasan Sibbir Ahmad Md Kamruzzaman
  • Published Date: Sunday, 13 September 2015
  • Country: Bangladesh