Nearly 75% of the adult population had never been to school. The mean age at marriage for girls was 16 years in 2007. Safe sanitary practices increased marginally (20% to 27%). Awareness of the danger signs of pregnancy complications (32%), provisions of immunization against tetanus (48%) and antenatal check-up during pregnancy (44%) have not improved among women compared to what was found in Balkh province (45%, 59% and 49% respectively) in 2006. The delivery under the upervision of traditional birth attendant increased from 10% (MICS 2003) to 83%, while the use of post-natal care (PNC) remained poor (35%). The knowledge and practice of family planning increased from baseline (MICS 2003) (16% to 56.0%, and 1% to 19% respectively) in the last three years. There is marginal decrease in the proportion of breastfeeding within 6-hr of delivery, from 79% at 2003 (MICS) to 72%. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) coverage of under-five children increased from baseline (MICS 2003) (21% to 84%) but the coverage of measles remained somewhat unchanged at around 55%. However, vitamin A coverage declined significantly during the study period. The prevalence of diarrhoea has been remained high compared to baseline (MICS 2003) (around 50%) and the use of ORS has increased. The awareness of mothers about the danger signs during a diarrhoeal episode of children was higher (65%) compared to the Balkh study (50%). BRAC has achieved development on some indicators. Attention needs to be given in areas like ANC, PNC, management of diarrhoea and other childhood illnesses.