The survey aimed to assess current livelihood situation of small ethnic groups
(Adivasi) living in the plain land. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used
to collect data. Data were collected from Joypurhat Sadar and Panchbibi Upazilas of
Joypurhat district and from Patnitola and Badalgachhi Upazilas of Naogaon District.
Findings of the survey revealed that majority of the families of small ethnic groups
have low and inadequate income, poor savings, high rate of illiteracy, marginal land
holdings and poor sanitation and hygiene practices. They are also less conscious
about family planning, have limited access to GO/NGO facilities, less participation in
local institutions and lack awareness on basic human rights. Death of the main income
earner and incidence of natural disaster always bring major economic crisis in small
ethnic families. The survey suggests that special efforts would be required to improve
livelihood conditions of the small ethnic groups.