Process Evaluation of a Project on Vulnerability Reduction of Women Affected by Climate Change

It is evident that the poor, especially women and children are highly vulnerable to the
impacts of climate change because of their limited adaptive capacity. In such
circumstances, BRAC Disaster, Environment and Climate Change (DECC) programme
has been providing interventions (capacity building training and/or grant) on alternative
livelihood options so that poverty stricken women affected by disaster can adapt to the
changing environment. This study has been undertaken to understand the process of
main activities, specifically whether these activities are being implemented as planned
in order to motivate the target women for income generation and to make them less
vulnerable to the challenging environment. Forty-one in-depth interviews were
conducted. Semi-structured checklists were used to interview programme staff, women
receiving training or grants, and other men and women who did not receive any
intervention. Most of the respondents receiving interventions did not know the term
“climate change”, but they perceived environmental changes in terms of rising
temperature, irregularity in rainfall, salinity problem, and crisis of safe drinking water,
etc. The women developed business knowledge on seven income generating activities
(IGAs) running grocery shops, rice processing from paddy, poultry farming, tailoring, net
making, crab fattening, and setting up nurseries. The women who received grants were
involved with some of these IGAs. A major share of their income was reinvested to keep
the business on track. The rest of the money was mostly spent on buying food, getting
treatment and children’s education. The women who only received training could not
initiate their business venture due to lack of money in spite of having business
knowledge. The non-participant men and women became aware of programme
activities which showed ways of generating income and both parties opined that women
were more vulnerable to natural disasters than men due to varied reasons. According
to the training participants and programme staff, all the poor training participants needed
financial support for generating income. Capacity building training on IGAs was not
enough to improve the economic situation of the poor make the ultra poor economically
better off. The areas to be emphasised are: more manpower at field level, grant to all
training participants and training on business transactions.

Related information

  • Writer Name: Tahera Akter Nepal C Dey
  • Published Date: Thursday, 20 August 2015
  • Country: Bangladesh