Research report on Property Rights Initiatives (PRI) of BRAC Human Rights and Legal Aid Service (HRLS) programme Motivation and Performance: BRAC’s Land Entrepreneur Programme
Fakir Md Yunus, Toby Norman, Jaideep Prabhu
BRAC’s Human Rights and Legal Aid Services Division has launched the Property Rights Initiative in Rangpur Division of Bangladesh to address the issues land ownership and conflict in 2011. A key component of this initiative has been the creation of a new class of Government-certified BRAC Surveyors or “Land Entrepreneurs”. They were trained by BRAC to measure land and certify property rights, as well as deliver a range of other services including human rights monitoring for their local communities. The aim of this study was to explore the performance and motivation of BRAC’s Land Entrepreneurs to understand how the programme could effectively accomplished its’ goals and expand its activities. This operational study was undertaken using qualitative method followed by multiple cross-sectional survey to rural respondents, BRAC’s Staff, and Land Entrepreneurs. In addition, more than 4,000 observations digitised from the Land Entrepreneur field records covering seventeen months’ worth of performance data from the year 2012-2013. After undertaken both descriptive and inferential statistics, we found that the programme MIS is accurate after back-checking the MIS with the clients during the client survey. Although, land entrepreneur’s land measurement details was highly seasonal but it increased incomes (28.7%) compare to their previous income. In the performance matrix, we noticed that high performers i.e “Stars” were account for an average of 40-71% of key programme outcomes. We noticed that financial motivation was not the only driver of high performance rather it more relied on social recognition. During the pre-and-post land measurement by the BRAC’s land entrepreneurs, we noted a declined trend of severity of disputes. Furthermore, majority of the clients believes (62%) that measuring land could potential reduce the future likelihood of conflict. Through this social enterprise model, BRAC Human Rights and Legal Aid Service’s (HRLS) Property Rights Initiative (PRI) project made land measurements more accessible to the poor and could potential reduce land related disputes by measuring land.