A follow-up Survey on Smoking in Rural Areas of Bangladesh
Fahmida Akter, Umme Salma Mukta, Tridib Roy Choudhury and Md Mahfuzar Rahman, RED
Date: 03 August 2016; Time: 10:00 to 11:00 am; Venue: RED Conference Room (15th Floor)
Research Findings Presentation
Despite the significant awareness regarding the prevention and control on smoking mediated health hazards in recent years, it still remains as a leading causes of preventable death. BRAC Research and Evaluation Division has conducted a study to track the prevalence of smoking in Manikgonj and Joypurhat districts in 1989. The present study was carried out to investigate the changes in status over time in the same areas. To compare the smoking prevalence with non-cultivating places (Manikgonj and Joypurhat districts), Kushtia district was also added in the present study as it is well known as the tobacco cultivating area. Two set of semi-structured questionnaires were employed to collect household and individual information from 3,663 households. The findings revealed that the percentage of household with at least one smoker was reduced almost one third (71.6% vs 48.6%) which is statistically significant (p-value<0.001). Significant reduction was also observed in prevalence of smoking irrespective of all age and sex. The study findings also indicated a statistical significant (p-value<0.001) improvement in level of awareness regarding negative health consequences of smoking. Findings showed that about 20% of adult men and women (aged 15 years and above) in the study areas currently smoke tobacco whereas 18.2% use smokeless tobacco. The differences of the prevalence of smoker and smokeless tobacco user between tobacco cultivating areas and non-cultivating areas were not statistically significant.