Haor region located in the north-east zone of Bangladesh is considered to be one of the most poverty-stricken pockets yet to be existing in Bangladesh. The all-engulfing nature of underdevelopment in the region has not only left the habitats poor but also robbed them of having equal share in development that is widely established in other parts of the country. Realising the need, BRAC decided to implement the second round of the Integrated Development Programme, in Itna and Khaliajuri upazilla of Kishoreganj and Netrokona district respectively in 2015. Under this cohesive technique of practicing development, BRAC has combined ten prime components of support which includes economic, financial, health and communal support. The ten programmes are referred to as Health, Nutrition and Population programme (HNPP), BRAC Education Programme (BEP), Water Sanitation and Hygiene programme (WASH), Community Empowerment Programme (CEP), Adaptive Agriculture, Fisheries, Livestock and Poultry, (AFSP) Gender, Justice and Diversity (GJ&D), Targeting the Ultra Poor, Human Rights and Legal Aid Services (HRLS), Safe Migration, Microfinance etc. The goal of this intervention is to improve the socioeconomic condition and livelihoods of poor and ultra-poor people in the haor basin by 2020. To achieve this goal, the key strategies will focus on improving gender parity, ensuring access to quality primary education and health facilities, promote diversified and sustainable livelihoods, as well as advocate development efforts in haor region.
The present study was conducted from August to December 2015 to assess the preintervention situation in the haor area specifically to assess the status development with respect to their socio-demographic, economic, health and occupational system as well as the extent of knowledge and awareness. Later, two more rounds of follow-up data will be collected and the pre-intervention situation will be compared with the consecutive rounds of progress to study the impact of IDP. The present survey combines both qualitative and quantitative approach. For quantitative survey, the household sample for baseline was selected randomly from four purposively selected unions of Itna i.e. Treatment upazila and five purposively selected unions of Mithamain i.e. Control upazila. In order to ensure, maximum likeliness between the Treatment and Control households, Propensity Score Matching technique was applied which produced a statistically comparable cohort of households. Here from Control area 4,389 households were found to be statistically comparable with 3,315 households from Treatment area.