Can Basic Entrepreneurship Transform the Economic Lives of the Poor?
Oriana Bandiera,Robin Burgess,Narayan C Das, Selim Gulesci, Imran Rasul, Munshi Sulaiman
Does the lack of capital and skills drive occupational choice and poverty? We provide evidence from a large scale and long term randomized control trial of a programme that simultaneously provides assets and training to the poorest women in treatment communities in rural Bangladesh. The evaluation tracks 7000 eligible women over four years in treatment and control communities. We find the programme transforms the occupational choices of the poor: treated women spend 92% more hours in selfemployment activities, and 26% less hours in wage employment. This shift from insecure wage labour to self-employment is associated with a 38% increase in earnings. The eligible women, who were largely asset-less and illiterate agricultural labourers at baseline, overtake the near-poor and begin to close the gap with middle class women on dimensions such as occupational choice, regularity of earnings, household per capita expenditure and happiness. Inculcating basic entrepreneurship, where the most disadvantaged women take on business activities which hitherto had been the preserve of non-poor women, is shown to be a powerful means of transforming the economic lives of the poor.
Keywords: asset transfers, capital constraints, occupational choice.
JEL Classification: O12; I30; D50.