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Series No.48
Economic and Social Analysis of Primary Education in Bangladesh: A Study of BRAC Interventions and Mainstream Schools

Alia Ahmad and Iftekharul Haque

August - 2011

Bangladesh has achieved significant progress in enrolment in primary schools including gender parity. Currently, two major problems are dropout before completing primary education and poor quality of education with low attainment of basic competencies. These problems are especially acute among children of poor families. While the government of Bangladesh has the major responsibility of primary education, and it aims at universal access to education through government schools, the needs of the very poor are largely catered by non-formal and religious schools. BRAC has, in the past two decades, made significant progress in providing primary education to poor children through targeted interventions. Thetype of education provided by diverse actors is likely to have different impact on individuals and society. There are, however, very few studies on economic and social analysis of primary education in Bangladesh, especially with respect to education provided by different types of schools. There is also a lack of cost-benefit analysis of primary education, and cost-effectiveness study of specific interventions. This study focuses on the diverse outcomes of primary education, and private and social costs of providing primary education by BRAC and mainstream providers in rural Bangladesh. The study is based on school and household level primary data collected during December 2009 to February 2010.


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